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阅读 2991 次 历史版本 0个 创建者:lqxlcl (2018/3/7 17:08:42)  最新编辑:lqxlcl (2018/3/7 17:08:42)
刘少奇同志纪念馆
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同义词条:湖南刘少奇同志纪念馆
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刘少奇同志纪念馆

花明楼刘少奇同志纪念馆,是为纪念中国共产党和中华人民共和国领导人刘少奇而修建的。位于刘少奇故乡湖南省宁乡县花明楼乡。1984年筹建,1988年开放。有 8个展室、1个声像厅和2个怀念亭,主体建筑3100平方米。纪念馆西南面的山地上,有高7.1米(基座高3.1米,铜像高4米)的刘少奇铜像。故居在纪念馆北面约250米的地方,是一栋半茅半瓦的土木结构农舍,为全国重点文物保护单位。

人物生平

刘少奇(1898~1969)伟大的马克思主义者,无产阶级革命家、政治家和理论家,中国共产党和中华人民共和国主要领导人之一。湖南宁乡人。1898年11月24日生。少年时期在家乡上过私塾和小学,1919年中学毕业。1920年加入中国社会主义青年团。1921年到苏俄莫斯科东方劳动者共产主义大学学习。同年转为中国共产党党员。1922年回国从事工人运动,在中国劳动组合书记部(中华全国总工会的前身)工作。不久,受党的委派领导安源路矿工人大罢工,任安源路矿工人俱乐部代主任、主任。1925年5月在第二次全国劳动大会上当选为中华全国总工会副委员长。1927年5月在中共第五次全国代表大会上当选为中央委员。第一次国共合作破裂后,在上海、天津、北平、哈尔滨等地从事秘密工作。1930年夏赴莫斯科出席赤色职工国际第五次代表大会,当选为执行局委员。 关于刘少奇同志更详细的评述,请参考词条:刘少奇

概况说明

刘少奇同志纪念馆于1988年11月24日,由已故国家主席杨尚昆同志剪彩开馆。纪念馆建筑面积3200多平方米,其主体是具有民族风格的自由分散型群体式园林建筑,正门楼上悬挂着邓小平同志题写的“刘少奇同志纪念馆”门匾,广场上红旗烈烈,奇花斗妍,广场侧的亭台水榭,游廊亭廊建在涟涟碧水之中,美丽自然的风光与园林式的建筑相互点缀,别有一番情趣。 纪念馆共有一个序厅8个展室,其中第1—7室为刘少奇生平基本陈列,第八室为音像室。 该陈列内容由湖南省和馆内专家拟定,采用生平历史和业绩专题相结合的方法,经国家文物局和中国革命博物馆专家审定,认为突破了革命历史人物陈列的传统枢架与模式,克服了“千人一面”的弊病。

序厅正面墙上是“刘少奇和人民在一起”的大型浮雕,他像征着“刘少奇一生始终和人民群众在一起,他所建立的不朽功勋与共和国同在”。序厅两侧分别有背景性浮雕,像征着刘少奇同志是党和国家的卓越领导人。 展厅内共陈列有200余张照片,260余件实物和复制件,7个复原模型和景箱,10个电动图表,5件雕塑艺术品,4处音像点,这些陈列品,通过色调处理,空间构架设计,通过先进的陈列手段,使内容与形式紧密配合,给人强大的冲击力和感染力。

刘少奇故居纪念馆不断加大对环境的保护和改造的力度,尤其是故居的周边环境,尽量保持过去的田园风光。形成了春花烂漫、夏荫浓郁、秋色绚丽、冬景苍翠的四季景观。自建了苗木基地,种植各色花草,装点馆区的不同季节。刘少奇故里就形成了集纪念、瞻仰、游览于一体的具有园林特色的景观。

主要景点

刘少奇同志纪念馆门楼:刘少奇同志纪念馆牌楼,是1998年刘少奇同志诞辰百周年之际投资建成的。门楼高12.4米,宽15米,呈山墙暴露式,颇具江南古建筑风格。“刘少奇故里”五个苍劲大字由全国书法家协会主席沈鹏先生题写。 铜像广场:刘少奇同志铜像是1988年刘少奇同志诞辰90周年时落成的,由时任国家主席杨尚昆同志亲自揭幕。广场占地面积8000多平方米(包括踏步)。两边山头青松傲立、杂树生花,石级中央一条苍翠的匍地龙笔直前伸,广场视野开阔,四周山头连绵起伏,幽远深遂。广场正前方,整齐的小松柏簇拥着一个庄严肃穆的平台,平台中央,刘少奇同志铜像威严地矗立着。铜像由中华全国总工会捐建,著名雕塑大师刘开渠和他的高徒程允贤精心制作。铜像加底座共高7.1米(像高3.0米,座高4.1米),这个数字包含着两层含义:第一,“七一”是党的生日,刘少奇同志一生致力于党的建设,为党和人民的事业付出了毕生的精力,是党的卓越领导人。第二,刘少奇同志享年71岁。铜像座西北朝东南,面部神情似微笑,似沉思,满怀沧桑地遥望远方;拿着烟头的手自然摆放;飘逸的风衣将衬托得更加伟岸。再现了作为党和国家主要领导人的刘少奇同志风尘仆仆、日理万机的光辉形象,使人油然而生一种敬意和亲切感。

刘少奇文物馆于少奇同志百周年诞辰之际经中央批准,耗资200多万元建成的。建筑面积1530平方米,为三进三院式布局,集办公、文物收藏、展览于一体。文物馆内设三个展厅,分别为刘少奇中南海故居—福禄居复原陈列和与刘少奇同志生平业绩有关的其它专题陈列。

炭子冲民俗文化展基本保持了二十世纪初江南农村的原始风貌。炭子冲民俗文化展的匾额,是由原全国人大副委员长王光英亲笔题写。主要陈列是炭子冲民俗文化展。其主要内容是反映过去湖南农村生产、生活场景的民俗文物,陈列内容丰富,形式新颖,能让人们在轻松的游览过程中感受到浓郁的乡土风情。

刘少奇故居是一栋土木结构的普通江南四合院,占地面积1300多平方米,建筑面积1074平方米,共有房屋21间半,其中瓦房16间半,茅屋5间。故居于1959年由湖南省人民政府公布为省级重点文物保护单位并对外开放,1988年由国务院公布为全国重点文物保护单位(第三批)。“文化大革命”期间,故居遭受了严重破坏,所藏文物展品几乎散失殆尽。1980年2月刘少奇同志平反后,根据“保护为主,抢救第一”的文物工作方针和“整旧如旧”的原则,对故居进行了全面修缮和复原,基本上恢复了1961年少奇同志回乡调查在此居住时的情形,并于1980年3月5重新对外开放.故居共陈列展品200多件,生动地再现了湖南农家的风貌和刘少奇在这里学习活动的部分场景。 花明园是以江泽民同志“以德治国”战略思想和<公民道德建设实施纲要>为指导,以湖湘文化为背景,以弘扬中华民族的传统美德为主题,以刘少奇同志<论共产党员的修养>为重点,采用寓教于游的方式,对旅游观光者特别是广大青少年进行思想道德教育,革命传统教育和爱国主义教育。

刘少奇坐过的飞机伊尔18-240是中国于1959年从前苏联购买的第一批(共5架)伊尔18型飞机中仅存的一架,保存较为完整,机内的座椅和休息舱内的军用床、床单都是原物。该机作为当时党和国家主要领导人的专机,刘少奇、周恩来、彭真、陈毅等都曾乘坐过。它曾伴随刘少奇同志参加过许多外事活动。2002年12月,国家文物局下达了文物博函[2002]1160号文件,拟征集刘少奇乘坐过的飞机。该专机经当年驾驶过的机长和机械师鉴定,确定无疑,具有较高历史价值。

修养亭是为纪念少奇同志的光辉著作——《论共产党员的修养》而修建的。占地面积6000平方米,建筑面积1200余平方米,由前后两个院落及小型集会广场组成,是一座以当地民居形式为基础,运用中国传统造园手法建成的仿古园林建筑群,质朴大方、庄重典雅。“修养亭”由全国政协委员、书法家协会副主席李铎题写。陈列有《论共产党员的修养》的提纲手迹、历代名家论修养和中国三代领导人对《论共产党员的修养》的评价及名家赞颂《论共产党员的修养》的书画作品。 一叶湖是占地面积6000多平方米的人工湖,取名于郑板桥先生“衙斋卧听萧萧竹,疑是民间疾苦声。些小吾曹州县吏,一枝一叶总关情”,以此体现刘少奇同志心中时刻关心人民群众的高尚品格。四周配以石拱桥、假山、凉亭、杨柳、紫薇等,使整个园区显得简洁明快、生气盎然。花明德育园设计极具亲和力,用大面积的植物景观来营造缤纷的色彩,欢迎来自四面八方的客人,让游客在轻松、活泼的气氛中感受伟人的情怀,在步移景异中品味独特的文化氛围。

旅游相关

美食

刘少奇同志纪念馆美食较多,还可去宁乡县城品尝以下美食

烤鸡翅:肯得鸡斜对面十子路口右转弯靠边的那个摊位最好吃!

臭豆腐:宁乡电影院(大西门)对面的臭豆腐数宁乡最好吃!

酸辣粉:宁乡步行街中间广场月亮岛的酸辣粉数宁乡最好吃!

麻辣烫:宁乡八一路中间段四川麻辣烫数宁乡最好吃!

口味蛇:宁乡大成桥乡口味蛇数创始店数宁乡最好吃!

鸭霸王:宁乡紫金广场A栋安乡九三鸭霸王数宁乡最好吃!

土鸡:宁乡县青华铺乡(三岔路口)土鸡数宁乡最好吃!

田螺:宁乡再就业商城(城南市场、夜宵城)的田螺数宁乡最好吃!

龙虾:宁乡南门桥下龙虾数宁乡最好吃!

烧烤:宁乡动摇频道旁边熊熊烧烤店数宁乡最好吃! 门票:18元

交通:纪念馆位于长沙市宁乡县花明楼镇,长沙长途客运西站每日均有长途客车发往宁乡县。

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